Descriptive research with a qualitative approach, utilizing the social representation concept as well as the idea of vulnerability with thematic content analysis, carried down in the immunodeficiency condition control center of the general general public college into the Southeast region of Brazil, which supplied multidisciplinary care to HIV/Aids clients. Thirteen seroconverted people that are young between 13 and 24 years took part in live sex chat the analysis. The choice criterion ended up being males whom identified on their own as homosexuals or bisexuals, in accordance with terminology found in the Epidemiologic Bulletin on Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS of this Ministry that is brazilian of.
Young homosexuals and bisexuals experienced repeated circumstances of punishment throughout youth and adolescence, seeing intimate, domestic, and institutional physical violence as the essential painful and hard to confront, and which correlate to vulnerability to HIV/Aids.
Disease by the individual immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has documents of the historic show in Brazil since 1984. Right from the start for the epidemic as much as the days that are current significant epidemiological modifications had been based in the populace impacted. When you look at the decade that is first with small knowledge on HIV and Aids, adult homosexuals, injection drug users, and intercourse employees were the essential predominant, representing significantly more than 70% for the notified situations. In mid 1990, the illness became frequent among heterosexual women and men with low education and income degree. Afterwards, the elderly additionally became target associated with the HIV as a result of factors that are several such as for instance upsurge in durability, lack of information, and private values distinct from safe intercourse techniques. ( 1 , 2 )
Among kids, notification situations had been constantly increasing, specially related to straight transmission. But, at the time of 2009, a brand new change in the epidemiological profile of HIV/Aids was discovered. The notifications revealed a significant enhance among homosexual and bisexual males aged between 13 and 24 years. The amount of notifications nevertheless stays in a growing curve before the present 12 months. ( 1 ) This aspect has triggered shock and concern in researchers, educators, activists, and health care experts, such as for example nurses whom offer care to those young adults. ( 3 5 ) issues are specifically directed towards vulnerability of the population, whom, unlike the elderly and kiddies, has knowledge and quick access to information about preventive measures to HIV/Aids.
Numerous scientists bring nuances in their studies, in the circumstances of physical violence when you look at the life of young adults; nevertheless, without further deepening and gaps that are leaving the relationship of physical physical violence utilizing the vulnerability of teenagers who possess intercourse with males. ( 3 7 ) consequently, the after concern emerges: вЂњDoes physical physical physical violence, in its various kinds, make young homosexuals and bisexuals in danger of HIV/Aids?вЂќ Consequently, the goal of the writers associated with study that is present to learn the perceptions of young adults whom identify by themselves as homosexuals or bisexuals on experienced violence and recognize feasible correlations with vulnerability to HIV/Aids.
The social representation concept therefore the idea of vulnerability were utilized as theoretical methodological framework. The very first seeks knowledge descends from everyday life to cope with a particular topic, which makes it familiar, along with looking for measurements for the imaginary and affective, transcending dichotomy between cognition and feeling. ( 8 ) The second examines early speeches of vulnerability to HIV, understanding them and substrates that are creating intervene in it in the three interdependent plans proposed: specific, social, and programmatic. ( 9 )