Literature is an unique kind of art that can help to comprehend the history that is present-day to know the way the primary tendencies of social development within the past had been created.
The looks of classicism, which developed in european culture at the conclusion associated with the seventeenth century, determined the ideological content of literary works, the strict system of poetic guidelines while the axioms of plot construction, showing the thought of orderliness and excellence associated with world, nature and culture.
The “sensitive” literature of sentimentalism that emerged within the last half for the century that is eighteenth meant to show and teach on examples and pictures that can cause empathy, which awakens high emotions, directed because of the proven fact that all evil could be overcome.
Inside our literature as much as the beginning of the XIX century, classicism and sentimentalism developed, complementing one another and pursuing the exact same objective: to create society perfect, by affirming the logical concepts of morality as well as the guidelines of human being behavior. How to attain this objective within the philosophy of classicism had been understood to be the assertion of this supremacy of purchase, kind, hierarchy and were predicated on a clear unit of creative designs and genres. The theorists of classicism paid unique attention resume help to drama and poetry. Epic poems and tragedies where the foundation of this plot has been essential historical occasions, and actors – the gods and strongest of the globe, demanded a lofty poetic composition, ruled spatial turns. They certainly were caused by the “high” genre.
The talked language and stylistically lowered pictures could simply be contained in satires, fables and comedies, which fixed this is of “low” genres. Obligatory observance regarding the unity of the time, destination, action and rules of constructing tragedy and drama with visibility, zygote, growth of action, culmination and quality restricted the likelihood of stage-based breakthrough of pictures, but emphasized the inviolability of purchase, the bond of cause and impact, quality phrase for the primary notion of the work. Sentimentalism permitted more freely to make use of the method of creative phrase. Attention to household details, a description of psychological experiences, the image of this world that is inner of along with his closeness to nature demanded and brand new literary types. The epistolary genre, sentimental novel, travel notes can be found in the literary works. The development of sentimentalism greatly expanded the number of choices of artistic prose and caused it to be more democratic: the interest of both article writers and visitors was the fate of a person that is ordinary clear, near, causing interest and compassion.
Therefore, the essential difference between classicism and sentimentalism is as follows: